Taiwan's first female president
Taiwan’s first female president

Taipei, Taiwan (CNN)When Tsai Ing-wen, Taiwan’s first female president, takes office Friday, she will have to balance two very different sets of expectations — from those who voted for her and a Chinese leadership that wants the island on a tight leash.

Although she was given a strong mandate in the January elections, with her Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) gaining control of the executive and legislative branches of government, a souring relationship with Beijing could undermine her ability to accomplish what she has set out to do at home.

In April, Taiwan accused China of carrying out “gross violation of basic human rights” after 45 Taiwanese were deported from Kenya to mainland China. They were then paraded on Chinese state TV confessing to crimes they had been acquitted for in Kenya.

“It seems clear that China is pressuring the Tsai administration even before it has formally come to office,” says Bruce Jacobs, a Taiwan specialist at Monash University in Australia.

In her inauguration speech, she will have to reassure and convince the international community that she can handle the complicated relationship with China even though the primary concerns of the voters that elected her are domestic.

Key will be how Tsai handles calls by Beijing to mention the so-called “One China” framework amid signs that Beijing has closed the door on “different interpretations” which in the past has given both sides deliberate ambiguity on questions of sovereignty.

Bitter history

China and Taiwan — officially the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of China — have been governed separately since 1949, following a Communist victory in China’s civil war that forced the nationalists to flee to Taiwan.

Taiwan’s free-wheeling democracy a sharp contrast to China’s one-party state. However, a shared cultural and linguistic heritage mostly endures — with Mandarin Chinese spoken as the official language in both places.

Tsai’s DPP has traditionally leaned in favor of independence for the island. That could anger Beijing, which views Taiwan as an integral part of its territory that is to be taken by force if necessary.

Tsai, a soft-spoken U.S. and UK-educated lawyer, is viewed as a pragmatic leader but will have her work cut out balancing the interests of China, which is the island’s biggest trading partner, the United States, its key ally, and the diverse demands of the island’s 23 million residents.

In particular, a younger generation fears a future under the influence of Beijing and doesn’t want Taiwan to become another Chinese territory.

“I don’t think cross-strait relations are going to get any better in the near future,” says Lin Fei-fan, a leader of the Sunflower Movement, when students stormed and occupied Taiwan’s Legislature and Cabinet building in 2014.
“However, I have always believed that the key to peaceful co-existence doesn’t lie with Taiwan, but rather with the Chinese Communist Party.”

Domestic challenges

At home, Tsai will have to focus on how she will revive a moribund economy — a key concern of many of her supporters.

A challenge will be to maintain cordial relations with a vibrant—and skeptical—civil society while implementing economic policies that will inevitably create losers in some segments of society.

sai and her premier, Lin Chuan, have attracted criticism for forming an old, technocratic and male-dominated Cabinet, which has attracted heavy criticism from a society that expects change. Tsai has played it safe—too safe, many would argue.

With the strength of her mandate, Tsai could seize the opportunity to make Taiwan the first country in Asia to legalize same-sex unions, a move that, though opposed by a very vocal, and primarily Christian, minority, should finally be attainable after years of stalled efforts.

For Mr Wu, a bicycle repairman in Taipei, relations with Beijing are barely worth a mention.
“She needs to fix our economy,” he insists. “It’s been bad.”

As reported by CNN