A faction of the Pakistani Taliban has denied responsibility for the attack on a university in northwest Pakistan.

The TTP “strongly condemn the attack on Bacha Khan University in Charsadda and disown the attack, saying this is not according to Shariah,” according to a statement emailed by TTP Central Spokesman, Mohammad Khurrassani.

A senior Taliban commander, Umar Mansoor, earlier claimed responsibility for the attack on a university that left at least 19 people dead.

Who are this fractured, violent group?

The Pakistan Taliban, also known as the TTP, was founded in 2007.

They claim a long list of violent and deadly assaults on civilians and the military in the country’s mostly ungoverned area along its Afghan border.

But they probably received the most international publicity for the 2012 attack on 14-year old Malala Yousafazi and the Peshawar school massacre in December 2014 that left 145 dead, including 132 children.

The world was appalled by reports that gunmen were stalking the school halls, shooting children as they cowered under benches.

What is their goal?

Formally known as the Tehreek-i-Taliban, the group have long conducted an insurgency against the Pakistani government in order to overthrow the authorities and introduce Sharia Law.

They reject the Pakistani constitution,” says Raza Rumi, director of policy and programs at the Jinnah Institute, a Pakistani think tank. “They reject democratic process in Pakistan.”

Because of Pakistan’s alliances in the United States and other countries, the Pakistani Taliban also attack foreign interests in and outside of Pakistan. They are vehemently opposed to the U.S. military presence in the region.

But according to Sajjan Gohel, international security director for the Asia Pacific Foundation think tank, their interests go beyond wanting authorities to stop interfering in tribal areas.

They also have an extremist ideological agenda: “This is a terrorist outfit,” he says.

They seek to enforce a conservative version of Islam across the nation, and are against Western-style education for children and the employment of women.

How do they relate to other groups, including ISIS?

They are not the Taliban that the U.S forces have been at war with in Afghanistan, but the adopted name is no coincidence; they have a shared heritage.

During the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan (1978-80), fighters from Pakistan crossed over the border to fight. After returning home, they retained a close relationship with the Afghans.

The TTP at times still supports its Afghan namesake, says CNN’s International Diplomatic Editor Nic Robertson. It offers safe haven, logistical assistance and fighters. The groups are very closely linked share religious extremist ideology — but the Pakistan Taliban is its own distinct group.

There are other militant groups in Pakistan’s tribal region who support the Taliban that are not under the umbrella of the TTP, and are not pursuing the same goal of replacing the Pakistani state with an Islamist one.

“More recently the TTP has had high level defections to ISIS, the leaders taking their fighters with them,” says Robertson. “ISIS is focused on an Afghan fight, and the TTP have brought significant fire power with them to help ISIS grow. But in this region the Taliban is still dominant.”

Internal divisions

The Pakistan Taliban is made up of disparate factions, and in recent years the group has been beset with ideological differences and internal rivalries.

Tensions first started to escalate after the group’s leader, Baitullah Meshud, was killed in a CIA missile strike in 2009.

Pakistani Taliban commander Hakimullah Mehsud
Pakistani Taliban commander Hakimullah Mehsud

Hakimullah Mehsud, who replaced him, was then killed in a U.S. drone strike in 2013, setting off a power struggle at the top of the group.

Mullah Fazlullah was appointed by a tribal council to replace Mehsud and struggled to contain the internal frictions within the group, specifically those within the Mehsud tribe.

In June 2014, the Mehsud faction announced it was parting ways with central leadership and, after attempts to convince the TTP to give up what it called “un-Islamic” practices, such as attacks in public places and kidnappings, setting up a breakaway group.

Some analysts speculated about whether the break would lead to a weakening of the group, but their activities seem only to have intensified.

After the Peshawar school attack even the Taliban in Afghanistan, with which the TTP is closely affiliated, criticized the “deliberate killing of innocent people, women and children (as being) against Islamic principles” and expressed condolences to the attack’s victims, according to spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid.

As reported by CNN